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By our post we alert you to stay healthy to enjoy your life without any diseases because we believes health is wealth if health loss everything loss.
We all know the saying “health is wealth.” But how often do we stop to think about what that actually means? For most people, health is something that we take for granted. We assume that as long as we’re not sick or injured, everything is fine. But the truth is, our health is a precious commodity that we should always be mindful of.
Yes, there will be times when we fall ill or get hurt despite our best efforts. But if we take care of our bodies and our minds, we can minimize the risk of serious health problems down the road. So what does it mean to “take care of our health?” It means eating right, exercising regularly, and getting enough rest. It means making time for preventive care and screenings. And it means being proactive about our mental health. When we prioritize our health, we are investing in our future selves. We are setting ourselves up for a happy and healthy life. So next time you’re tempted to skip a workout or indulge in an unhealthy meal, remember: health is wealth.
Good health is an asset for individuals, their communities and the nation at large. A nation cannot growth without a healthy population. There are vast numbers of reasons which affect our health. Some of these are balanced food, clean water and clean environment which help us to remain healthy while others such as germs and stressful environment cause diseases and disorders. A good health implies both physical and mental well-being. It, however, requires consistent efforts to maintain good health, at both personal and community levels.
You must be familiar with the famous saying “health is wealth”. When we are healthy, we enjoy our work and live our life to the fullest. To achieve good health we need to develop certain behaviors. Hygiene is an integral part of healthy living and deals with cleanliness of our body and our surroundings.
What is your idea of health? Is it mere physical fitness or just absence of disease? Before proceeding further, we would like to know your definition of health.
Definition of health:
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), health is a “State of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease”. It means proper functioning of the body and the mind. People enjoying good health are more cheerful, energetic, full of life, more efficient at work and therefore more productive.
The importance of health
Health is often said to be Wealth. A healthy person can work hard and be productive. An unhealthy person may not be able to work at all and may need expensive medical care. So, good health is important for both individuals and society.
There are many factors that contribute to good health. genetics play a role, but lifestyle choices are also important. Eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding risky behaviors like smoking and excessive drinking can help people stay healthy.
Some health problems cannot be prevented, but early detection and treatment can make a big difference. For example, cancer that is found early is often easier to treat successfully. That’s why it’s important to have regular check-ups with your doctor and to get recommended screenings for things like cancer and heart disease.
Investing in good health pays off in many ways. People who are healthy tend to live longer, have more productive lives, and miss less work due to illness. This benefits not only the individual but also their families and society as a whole.
How to maintain good health
There is no single answer to maintaining good health, as it depends on many factors including lifestyle, genetics, and access to healthcare. However, there are some general guidelines that can help to keep you healthy.
Firstly, eating a balanced and nutritious diet is crucial for maintaining good health. This means eating a variety of different foods from the main food groups, and ensuring that you are getting enough vitamins and minerals. It is also important to limit your intake of processed and sugary foods, as these can lead to weight gain and other health problems.
Secondly, regular exercise is essential for good health. Exercise helps to keep your heart healthy, improve your circulation, and boost your immune system. It is also a great way to relieve stress and improve your mental wellbeing.
Thirdly, staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water is important for good health. Water helps to flush out toxins from your body, carry nutrients around your cells, and keep your skin looking healthy.
Finally, it is also important to reduce your stress levels and get enough sleep. Stress can have a negative impact on both your physical and mental health, so it is important to find ways to relax and unwind. Getting enough sleep each night will also help you to feel refreshed and energised during the day.
Signs of good health:
Given below are some signs of physical, mental and social health. They help in assessing one’s state of health.
1. Signs of physical health: If you have good physical health you
• shall be active and alert all time.
• have weight which is normal for your age and height.
• have bright and shining eyes.
• have all the body organs functioning normally and fall sick less often.
• have clean and clear skin.
• have normal growing hair of natural colour and texture.
• have unscented breath.
• have good appetite and
• get sound sleep.
Healthy individuals are active, responsive and happy and can work hard and perform well
2. Signs of mental health: If you have good mental health, you shall have
• Control over your emotions
• Balanced feelings, desires, ambitions and ideas
• The capacity to accept the realities of life and face them
• confidence in yourself
• The ability to manage with the normal stresses of life
• Compassion towards needs of other
• the ability to give and seek help when needed
• the ability to cope with conflict and disagreement
3. Signs of social health: If you have good social health, you shall
• have a positive attitude towards life
• get along well with others
• have a pleasant personality
• fulfill responsibility/duties towards others
• have healthy interpersonal relationships
• be able to express disagreement positively
Such people form a progressive society that tries to address social issues and find solutions.
Hygiene for good health
To keep ourselves free from diseases and maintain good health we need to practice proper hygiene. The various practices that help in maintaining health constitute hygiene. The word hygiene comes from a Greek word Hygeia that means ‘Goddess of health’. Adopting hygienic practices and promoting hygiene in the community, school and workplace prevent spread of many infectious diseases. Hygiene deals with both personal health as well as community health.
Personal And Community Health:
Both personal and community health are important for the well-being of an individual as well as the community. Health may be affected by the environment, availability of quality food and other necessities. Participation of local and government organizations becomes essential in promoting community health.
Personal Health In the table below, we have listed some of the ‘healthy habits’ commonly prescribed by adults. But, we would like to know your ideas about healthy habits. List them in the table given below
1. Brush your teeth, cut your nails
2. Have bath daily, wear clean clothes
3. Eat nutritious food avoid processed food
4. Have regular eating habits
5. Follow a disciplined life
(i) Balanced diet for health:
A balanced diet is one containing carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and fibers in correct ratio to meet the nutritional requirement of a person at a certain age and doing a certain amount of physical work. The energy requirement for moderately active adolescent (teenage) boy is about 2200 to 2400 Calories whereas for adolescent girls it is 2000 Calories. The food pyramid shown the different categories of food and their quantities that we need to include in our diet.
(ii) Personal hygiene for good health:
Following are some necessary hygienic habits.
• Regular toilet habit: Regular bowel movement keeps us free of waste generated within the body.
• Washing hands before eating: Our hands may carry many disease causing germs and therefore we must wash them with soap or ash before taking food.
• Bathing regularly and wearing clean clothes: Bathing regularly keeps our body free of dirt, body lice and germs.
• Cleaning the teeth: When we eat, some food particles may remain stuck to our teeth. These particles attract germs which harm our gums and teeth, and cause bad breath. Brushing teeth every morning and after dinner helps in their removal.
• Washing hair, cleaning eyes, ears and nails: Regular washing and combing of hair, and washing eyes with clean water helps to keep the germs away. Nails of both hands should be clipped regularly. Nail biting is unhygienic and must be avoided.
(iii) Domestic hygiene
We dust and mop our houses to keep them clean and free from dirt, flies and germs. Disposal of garbage in the allotted bins ensures clean surroundings and prevents breeding of disease causing organisms. Used sanitary napkins need to be wrapped and put in the garbage bins.
All tools that are used at home should be kept clean.
(iv) Clean food and water
Before they are consumed, fruits and vegetables should be washed thoroughly in clean water to make them free from germs.
In many households it is a common practice to remove the footwear outside before entering the house. What could be the possible advantage of this practice?
(v) Cooking with care
• Food should be prepared in a clean kitchen.
• While cooking food, it is important to heat it to high temperature to kill germs.
• Cooked food should be eaten fresh or covered and stored in cool and clean place. If stored, food should be kept at a low temperature using either conventional methods or in a refrigerator.
(vi) Exercise for healthy life
Regular walking, yoga and physical exercises and outdoor games keep the heart and circulatory system in good condition. Walking keeps the joints healthy.
(vii) Regular sleep and relaxation
Is necessary for good health.
(viii) Abstaining from habit-forming substances such a smoking, chewing of betel nut, gutka, tobacco, and drinking alcohol;
These are addictive and their continuous use damages the liver, kidney, heart, gums and teeth. You may have noticed that spitting is fairly common among people who chew betel nut, gutka and tobacco. We must stay away from such habits and try to convince others to do the same.
Prevent from diseases for good health
A condition that interferes with the normal functioning of the body is called a disease. It can be as mild as a cold, sore throat or as serious as cancer or tuberculosis. A disease can strike any part of the body and at any age. In this section, we will discuss some common diseases of the body.
There are two types of diseases few communicable and non-communicable diseases.
Communicable/ Infectious diseases
Communicable diseases spread from one person to another by the entry of pathogens (disease causing organisms). Pathogens enter our body through various means, and then multiply there. They can be transferred from one person to another by direct or indirect contact.
Under no circumstances should the individual suffering from infection be blamed or stigmatized. It is important to remember that certain infections, for example, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) do not spread by shaking hands, hugging and/or sharing food. Hence, there should be no hesitation or fear in sharing these activities with HIV-infected individuals
What are the ways to prevent contracting infectious diseases? Some of the practices that are useful in preventing infectious diseases are intake of balanced diet; maintaining personal cleanliness and ensuring clean surroundings, proper disposal of waste, and immunization against vaccine preventable diseases.
Non Communicable/Infectious diseases
Hypertension, Diabetes and Obesity In the fast-paced life that many of us live today, there is a lot of conflict, unhealthy competition, and pressure to make quick money and gain power. This kind of lifestyle generates a lot of stress that leads to anger and frustration. In trying to gain mileage in mindless competition, people are likely to neglect their health and suffer from ailments like high blood pressure (also known as hypertension), increased blood sugar (known as diabetes) and many others. Although these diseases have a genetic predisposition, they have started affecting younger age groups due to undisciplined life style. These are known as life style disorders.
Causes of healthy life
1. Sedentary lifestyle: Insufficient or no physical activity, no outdoor games, lack of exercise, excessive use of vehicles are some of the factors that are responsible for the above mentioned diseases.
2. Eating habits: Easily available fast food that is high in fat and sugar in popular food items like burgers, cakes, aerated drinks lead to obesity at young age. Can never replace the balanced nutrition provided by the Indian meal of chapattis or rice, pulses and vegetables.
3. Type “A” personality: People who are always focused on doing better than others rather than doing their best, those who get angry and frustrated easily and are intolerant towards others are more susceptible to lifestyle diseases.
4. Family history of heart disease and diabetes also predispose people to these diseases.
Prevention for good health
• Increased awareness of the reasons for lifestyle related disorders
• Regular exercise, yoga, meditation
• Avoiding junk food, and increasing intake of vegetables and water
• Stress management, increased tolerance for others and positive attitude
• Setting one’s own goals for improvement rather than blindly copying others
• Motivating people around you for practicing the above mentioned healthy habits.
IMMUNIZATION: PROTECTION AGAINST CERTAIN COMMUNICABLE DISEASES FOR HEALTHY LIFE
We are exposed to a large number of disease causing agents every day. Our body is able to ward off most of these foreign agents. This overall ability of the body to protect itself against the foreign agents including the disease causing organisms is called immunity. It is of two types:
a) Innate immunity
b) Acquired immunity
a) Innate immunity is present from the time of birth and provides protection against the entry of any foreign agent into our body. Skin and the mucous membranes prevent entry of foreign agents into the body. Hydrochloric acid in the stomach kills the germs that reach the stomach. White blood cells (WBC) engulf foreign particles and destroy them.
b) Acquired immunity- It develops during one’s life time by producing antibodies in response to foreign bodies termed antigens. Each antigen is recognised by a specific antibody. Antibodies’ are proteins produced by lymphocytes (a type of WBC), against specific antigen. Antibodies remember and recognize the infective agents that have once attacked the body and recognise and kill them when they enter the body again. This is called the memory of the immune system and is the basis of immunization programme. Such as against mumps or measles.
Acquired immunity can develop either naturally or artificially.
(a) Natural acquired immunity develops after infection or exposure to a disease. The body develops its own antibodies which remain in the body and provides immunity against the pathogen in the future.
(b) Artificial acquired immunity can be developed through vaccination: Vaccines are inactivated or weakened pathogens or their products that function as antigens or foreign agents. They activate the immune system forming memory cells. For example, the immunization against diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus require booster or repeat doses for providing protection against these infections.
PREVENTION OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE
It is a matter of great concern that use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs is on the rise world over especially among the youth. Young people are more vulnerable to substance abuse. Can you guess the reasons? Yes, you are right. Youth are curious and like to try out new things. In order to further increase their profit margins, tobacco and alcohol companies especially target young people in their media campaigns. Young people also pick up the habit interacting with adults who are addicted to tobacco, alcohol or drugs.
These substances harm both the body and the mind.
What is a drug
Drug is a chemical substance that changes the way our body works. Some chemical drugs are used as medicines for the treatment of physical and mental ailments. Drugs prescribed by the doctors and sold at medical stores are legal drugs. There are however, a large number of illegal drugs like cocaine, LSD, heroin, brown sugar, charas, ganja, bhang (Marijuana).
What is drug or substance abuse?
When drugs are taken for reasons other than medical or frequently or mode that for pleasure or false sense of happiness, it constitutes drug or substance abuse
Use of tobacco is very common in the world. It can be smoked in cigarettes and bidis or traditional ‘hookahs.’ Cigarettes contain nicotine which narrows blood vessels, increases blood pressure and may cause heart disease. Tobacco contains tar which collects in lungs and makes an individual prone to respiratory infections. Tar also causes lung Cancer and throat cancer. Cigarette smoking is not only harmful for the smoker but its poisonous fumes also harm the people around the smoker.
How does drug addiction begin? Who takes to drugs and why?
There is no single reason for drug addiction. Some common reasons are:
• Mere curiosity, for excitement and adventure or under peer pressure.
• Desire to do more physical and mental work than one’s capacity.
• To overcome pain, boredom, fatigue, depression and stress.
• A false idea that taking drugs once will not make any difference –
Drug addiction, dependence and withdrawal symptoms.
Addiction is a state where the drug user gets ‘hooked on’ to the drug and constantly craves for a feeling of well-being or euphoria that is associated with the drug or alcohol provides. This leads to taking drugs even when are not needed and is termed ‘drug addiction’
Drug abuse leads to drug addiction after developing tolerance and dependence. Repeated use of a drug makes body tolerant to lower doses. Subsequently body needs increasing quantities of the drug. This is referred to as the state of dependence
After the user becomes dependent upon the drugs the body manifests a characteristic and unpleasant withdrawal syndrome if intake of the drug is abruptly stopped. These may range from anxiety, nausea, mild tremors, abdominal pain, palpitation or sweating, severe agitations and fits. The intensity of the withdrawal symptoms depends upon the type of drug abused and the duration of drug intake. Sometimes these can be more severe and even life threatening and need medical supervision during withdrawal period. These withdrawal symptoms make it difficult for the user to give up drugs.
Effects of drug to our health
Short-term effects – Appear instantly or within a few minutes after the intake of drugs.
Long-term effects – Constant and excessive use of drugs over a long period can cause both physical as well as mental illness. Those addicted are not able to focus much on work or studies. Hence, they are not likely to do well in their studies or jobs. Inter-personal relationships suffer. They may get involved in criminal activities. As they always need money to buy the drugs, these individuals are not likely to be financially stable.
It is important to remember that prevention is better than cure. The following tips may help you avoid drugs:
• Avoid undue peer pressure: Good friends will respect your wishes and will not force you into anything. Hence, it is important to say ‘no’ to peers/ friends if you are not convinced that you want to engage in a particular activity.
• Choose your friends carefully as they may compel you into certain actions which are contradictory to our personal values and beliefs.
• Try to perform the best that you can and do not stress yourself too much.
• Be optimistic and have a positive outlook. Learn to face problems and stresses and accept disappointments and failures as part of life; you may .seek help from parents and peers because they can provide support and guidance to sort out your problems and vent feelings of anxiety and guilt.
• Looking for danger signs:- As friends if you find someone using drugs you should not hesitate to bring it to the notice of the concerned elders. Timely intervention would help in initiating proper remedial steps or treatment.
Desire to have the substance on a regular basis to deal with problem or have fun and relax
Sudden change in work or school attendance and quality of work
Frequent borrowing money or stealing items from home/school/ workplace
Out bursts of anger, lack of concentration,
running nose, and red eyes, dark circles under eyes, nausea, vomiting and body pain
Deteriorating personal appearance and grooming
Staying away from friends who are non users
Engaging in secretive behavior
Talking about the substance all the time and pressurizing others to use it
Feeling exhausted, depressed or suicidal
Fresh and numerous injection sites on the body.
Seeking professional / medical help:
A lot of help is available in the form of highly qualified psychologists, psychiatrists and de-addiction and rehabilitation programmes to help individuals who have unfortunately got into the trap of drug or alcohol abuse. With such help and with sufficient effort and willpower on the part of the individual these problems can be solved and individuals can lead a perfectly normal and healthy life. In case you know of someone who is addicted to substance, try to lend a helping hand and take the person to the professional institution where s/he can be treated.
SOME MODERN DAY DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES
In this day and age, medical technology has come a long way. From blood tests to brain scans, there are now a variety of ways to diagnose what might be wrong with a person. In this blog post, we will explore some of the most common diagnostic techniques used today. From X-rays to MRIs, we will take a look at how these technologies work and what they can tell us about a person’s health.
Traditional Diagnostic Techniques
There are several traditional diagnostic techniques that are still in use today. These include X-rays, CT scans, and MRI.
X-rays are a type of electromagnetic radiation that can be used to create images of the inside of the body. CT scans use X-rays to create detailed images of the body. MRI uses magnetic fields and radio waves to create detailed images of the body.
These traditional diagnostic techniques are still widely used today because they are safe, effective, and relatively inexpensive.
Modern Diagnostic Techniques
The most common diagnostic technique used in modern times is the imaging of various body parts. This can be done using x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) scans, and ultrasound. These imaging techniques allow doctors to get a clear picture of what is going on inside the body without having to make any incisions.
Another common diagnostic technique is biopsy. This involves taking a small sample of tissue from the body for further analysis. Biopsies can be performed using a needle or through surgery. They are often used to diagnose cancer or other conditions that cannot be diagnosed with imaging alone.
Laboratory tests are another important tool for diagnosis. These tests can be used to measure levels of hormones, proteins, enzymes, and other substances in the body. They can also be used to detect the presence of infections or diseases.
Comparison of Traditional and Modern Diagnostic Techniques
There are a variety of diagnostic techniques used in modern day medicine. Some of these techniques are quite new and not yet widely used, while other techniques have been around for many years. Here is a comparison of some traditional and modern diagnostic techniques:
Traditional Diagnostic Techniques
-Medical history and physical examination: This involves taking a detailed medical history from the patient and then performing a physical examination. This can help to identify any underlying health conditions that may be causing the symptoms.
-Laboratory tests: These tests can be used to look for abnormalities in the blood or urine that may indicate a particular condition.
-Imaging tests: X-rays, CT scans, and MRI scans can be used to create images of the inside of the body. This can help to identify any structural abnormalities that may be causing the symptoms.
Modern Diagnostic Techniques
-Genetic testing: This involves looking at a person’s DNA to see if there are any changes that could indicate a particular condition.
-Biomarker testing: This involves looking for specific proteins or other substances in the blood that can indicate a particular condition.
-Functional imaging: This involves using special imaging techniques to look at how different parts of the brain are functioning. This can help to identify any areas that may be malfunctioning and causing the symptoms.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Traditional and Modern Diagnostic Techniques
There are many advantages and disadvantages of traditional and modern diagnostic techniques. Traditional diagnostic techniques, such as X-rays and CT scans, have been used for many years and are well-established. They are often very effective at diagnosing problems, but can also have some drawbacks. For example, traditional techniques may not be able to detect small or early-stage problems. They can also expose patients to radiation.
Modern diagnostic techniques, such as MRI and PET scans, are newer and often more expensive than traditional techniques. They can offer some advantages over traditional techniques, such as the ability to detect small or early-stage problems. However, they also have some disadvantages, such as a higher risk of false positives (which can lead to unnecessary anxiety and treatment).
As you can see, there are a variety of modern day diagnostic techniques available to help doctors determine what is causing their patients’ symptoms. With so many options available, it’s important to work with your doctor to figure out which tests are right for you. Remember, the goal is to get an accurate diagnosis so that you can receive the best possible treatment. To drive worldwide attention to a subject of major importance for global health each year WHO decided to Celebrate World Health Day on 7 April every year.