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Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious infection that can damage the lungs and other parts of the body. It’s caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Symptoms of active tuberculosis include coughing up blood, weight loss, night sweats, fever, and chest pain. If you have these symptoms, you should see a doctor right away. TB is spread through the air when someone with TB of the lungs or throat coughs or sneezes. It can also be spread through contact with contaminated surfaces, such as doorknobs or bedding.
TB is usually treated with antibiotics, but some strains of the bacteria are resistant to drugs. This is called drug-resistant TB. Drug-resistant TB is harder to treat and can be more deadly. Risk factors for TB include a weakened immune system, travel to certain countries, or contact with someone who has TB. Complications of TB include lung damage, kidney failure, and death. You can help prevent TB by finishing your medication even if you feel better, getting vaccinated, and avoiding close contact with people who have TB.
HIV and TB
TB is a leading cause of death for people with HIV. In fact, about 1 in 3 people with HIV who die each year succumb to TB. The risk of contracting TB is much higher for those with HIV, and the disease can be more severe.
Symptoms of active TB include:
• A cough that lasts more than three weeks
• Chest pain or pain with breathing or coughing
• Unintended weight loss
• Night sweats
When to see a doctor: If you have any of the above symptoms and think you may have been exposed to TB, make an appointment to see your doctor right away. Early diagnosis and treatment are critical.
While anyone can get TB, there are certain factors that increase your risk. These include:
• Having HIV
• Weakened immune system
• Traveling or living in certain areas
Drug-resistant TB: Drug-resistant TB is a strain of the disease that is resistant to common treatments. This makes it difficult to treat and can lead to death. Risk factors: There are several factors that can increase your risk for developing drug-resistant TB, including:
• Having HIV
• Taking medications that weaken the immune system
• Having close contact with someone who has drug-resistant TB Weakened immune system: People with weakened immune systems are at increased risk for developing active TB.
It’s estimated that about 1 in 3 people worldwide are infected with the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). However, most people who are infected don’t become sick.
For those who do develop TB disease, it usually occurs when their immune system is weak. This can happen from other infections, such as HIV/AIDS, or from poor nutrition or living in crowded, unsanitary conditions.
TB disease is most often found in the lungs and can cause symptoms such as coughing, chest pain, and shortness of breath. It can be fatal if left untreated.
In recent years, there has been an increase in drug-resistant strains of TB. These strains are harder to treat and may require more expensive and toxic drugs. Drug-resistant TB is a serious public health threat.
Risk factors for developing TB include weakened immune system, traveling or living in certain areas (e.g., Africa, Asia), other factors (e.g., diabetes, smoking).
Complications of TB include lung damage, kidney failure, and death.
Prevention of TB includes finishing your medication as prescribed, getting vaccinated against TB (BCG vaccine), and protecting your family and friends by avoiding close contact with people who have active TB disease.
There are several factors that can increase your risk of developing tuberculosis (TB). These include:
-Weakened immune system: People with HIV or other conditions that weaken the immune system are at increased risk of developing TB.
-Traveling or living in certain areas: People who travel to or live in countries with high rates of TB are at increased risk of exposure to the disease.
-Other factors: Smoking, diabetes, and certain medical procedures (such as having a lung transplant) can also increase your risk of developing TB.
Complications from TB can include severe lung damage, kidney failure, and death.
You can protect yourself and your loved ones from TB by finishing your full course of medication, getting vaccinated against the disease, and practicing good hygiene (such as washing your hands regularly and covering your mouth when you cough).
Weakened immune system
A weakened immune system makes it easier for you to develop active TB. This can happen if you have HIV/AIDS or another condition that weakens the immune system, such as diabetes, cancer, or long-term steroid use.
Other factors that may increase your risk of developing active TB include:
• Traveling or living in certain areas. People who live in or have recently traveled to countries with a high rate of TB infection are at greater risk.
• Other factors. Conditions that lead to crowding, such as homelessness or overcrowded living conditions, may also increase your risk of developing active TB.
Traveling or living in certain areas
If you travel or live in certain areas, you may be at risk for getting TB. These areas include:
-Central and South America
People who have been in close contact with someone with TB are also at risk. This includes people who live with or work with someone who has TB.
Other factors that may increase your risk of developing TB include:
– Having a job or living in a place where you’re exposed to people with TB
– Having close contact with someone who has TB
– Being from a country where TB is common
– belonging to a group that’s at high risk for TB, such as indigenous peoples, injection drug users, or people living in homeless shelters
If you have any of these risk factors, be sure to tell your doctor so they can help you monitor your health and take steps to prevent you from developing TB.
Tuberculosis can lead to a number of serious complications, including:
-HIV and TB: People with HIV are much more likely to develop active TB than people who do not have HIV.
-Drug-resistant TB: Over time, some strains of TB bacteria can become resistant to the drugs used to treat them. This makes it much harder to treat the infection.
-Risk factors: There are a number of factors that can increase your risk of developing tuberculosis, including weakened immune system, traveling or living in certain areas, other factors.
-Complications: Tuberculosis can lead to a number of serious complications, including death.
Tuberculosis is a serious disease that can be deadly. It is important to take steps to prevent the spread of TB.
Finish your medication: It is important to finish all of your medication, even if you feel better. If you stop taking your medication too soon, the TB bacteria can become resistant to the drugs used to treat it. This makes it much harder to treat and could make the disease worse.
Vaccinations: There are two vaccines available to help protect against TB: BCG and Tdap. BCG is only recommended for people who are at high risk for developing TB. Tdap is a booster vaccine that can help protect adults from getting serious complications from TB.
Protect your family and friends
If you have TB, it’s very important to finish the full course of medication, even if you start feeling better. Otherwise, you may not completely eliminate the infection from your body. People with TB can infect others around them. It’s especially important to protect your family and friends, as well as people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV.
There are a few things you can do to protect your loved ones:
• Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze
• Wash your hands often
• Avoid close contact, such as kissing and sharing cups or utensils, with people who are sick
• Stay home from work or school if you are sick
If someone in your family has TB, talk to your doctor about getting tested and starting preventive therapy if necessary. You may also want to get vaccinated against TB. The vaccine is most effective in children under 5 years old and adults over 65 years old.
When to see a doctor:
If you have any of these symptoms, see your doctor right away. He or she may refer you to a lung specialist (pulmonologist) for testing and treatment.
Causes: Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacteria that cause TB. The bacteria are spread through the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks. People who have TB infection do not feel sick and cannot spread the disease. However, if the TB bacteria become active in the body and multiply, they can cause active TB disease. This can happen if your immune system is weak from another illness such as HIV/AIDS, cancer, or diabetes; if you take certain drugs such as corticosteroids; or if you have been recently infected with TB.
Finish your medication
If you have TB, it’s very important that you finish your full course of medication. Taking all of your TB medicine as prescribed will help ensure that the infection is completely eradicated from your body. Not finishing your TB medication can lead to drug-resistant TB, which is much more difficult to treat.
If you’re having trouble completing your TB medication, talk to your doctor. They may be able to adjust your dosage or change the type of medication you’re taking. There are also a number of support groups available to help people with TB stay on track with their treatment.
When it comes to tuberculosis, it’s important to be as informed as possible. This disease can be serious, and even deadly, if not treated properly. That’s why it’s crucial to know the symptoms, risk factors and Complications associated with TB. With this knowledge, you can take steps to protect yourself and your loved ones from this illness.